Before you choose a secure file transfer solution, it is best to have a basic understanding of the protocols involved, which make file transfers safe and reliable. 1.FTP The FTP file transfer protocol has existed for decades and has been widely used in the past. TCP provides reliable data transfer through message sequence confirmation and message retransfer mechanisms; at the same time, various widely used operating systems have built-in TCP protocol stacks, and POSIX standards define the TCP Socket standard API interface, these factors have contributed to TCP's widespread success on a global scale. However, this transfer protocol, which was designed more than 20 years ago, has become increasingly unsuitable for the rapidly developing network environment and the requirements of new applications, especially when there are a certain packet loss and delay on the network transfer path. Transfer throughput declines sharply, and path bandwidth is often not used effectively, resulting in slow transfer speed, long transfer time, and poor transfer experience. 2.FTPS FTPS is an extension protocol that adds Transport Layer Security and Secure Socket Layer encryption protocol support to the commonly used file transfer protocol . FTPS is a secure file transfer protocol that allows you to communicate with trading partners, Clients and users transfer files securely. These transfers can be authenticated through methods supported by FTPS . 3.SFTP In the computer field, it is designed by the Internet Engineering Task Force to provide secure file transfer capabilities through the expansion of SSH-2, but it can also be used by other protocols. Even though the IETF is in the network draft data stage, this protocol is described in the SSH-2 document, it can be used in many different applications, such as secure file transfer in Transport Layer Security and transfer information management in virtual private network applications Program. This agreement is assumed to be executed in a secure channel, such as SSH, the server has authenticated the client, and the client user can use the agreement. Compared with the earlier SCP protocol that only allows file transfer, SFTP allows a wider range of operations on remote files ─ which is more like a remote file system protocol. A comparison of the capabilities of an SFTP client and SCP includes additional replies to interrupt transfers, directory listings, and remote file movement. 4.SCP The old protocol, SCP or Secure Copy Protocol, is a network protocol that supports file transfer between hosts on the network. It is similar to FTP, but SCP supports encryption and authentication functions. 5.HTTP & HTTPS As the backbone of the World Wide Web, HTTP is the basis of data communication. It defines the message format of the communication between the web browser and the web server and defines how the web browser should respond to web requests. HTTP uses TCP as the underlying transfer and is a stateless protocol. This means that each command is executed independently, and the receiver does not retain session information. Https is a secure version of HTTP in which communications are encrypted by TLS or SSL. 6.AS2, AS3, and AS4 AS2, AS3, and AS4 are popular protocols used to send and protect critical file transfers. AS2 is used to transmit sensitive data safely and reliably on the Internet. AS2 uses digital certificates and encryption standards to protect critical information transmitted between systems, networks, and locations. AS 2 messages can be compressed, signed, encrypted, and sent through a secure SSL tunnel. AS3 is a standard and can be used to transfer almost any file type. It provides a layer of security for data transfer through digital signature and data encryption. It was originally created to transfer data files, such as XML and EDI business-to-business data files. Unlike AS2, AS2 is a defined transfer protocol, and AS3 is a message standard that focuses on how to format a message when it is sent from the server to the server. Once the AS3 message is synthesized, it can be transmitted via any other protocol . As long as both parties can access the location where the message has been placed. AS4 is an agreement that allows companies to exchange data securely with their partners. It is based on what was originally set up by AS2, but works with web services and provides improved delivery notifications. As a business-to-business standard, AS4 helps make file exchange on the Internet safe and simple. 7.PeSIT PeSIT protocol is an end-to-end file transfer protocol developed by the French Interbank Telecommunications System Economic Interest Group . It is rarely used in North America and is mainly used to meet European banking standards and to transfer communications to and from European banks. Knowing these 7 file transfer protocols, you probably know how to choose a protocol to ensure the secure transfer of your files.
FTP protocol originated from the early days of network computing. A few government and university researchers explored the value of connecting computers together, so they created FTP protocol to promote the movement of files in the network. Why do so many people still use FTP now? Because it is perfect and embedded in most operating systems today. Although FTP is provided free of charge, it does not mean that it has no cost. IT teams spend too much time managing and maintaining FTP servers and their users, which could have been devoted to more important IT projects and plans. Security Many changes have taken place in FTP since it was invented, especially the security and confidentiality. FTP predates the Internet as we know it today, but it is not designed to transfer files safely. When companies use it to send files containing personally identifiable information or patient data, compliance does not exist. FTP has no resistance to many types of attacks, and the user name and password credentials are sent in clear text. It is not difficult for hackers to extract information and access the entire server containing company data. Ease-of-use FTP is mainly an IT tool. Many IT professionals still like to run FTP in command line mode, and take pride in managing servers through text commands, but for ordinary knowledge workers, FTP operation is too technical. FTP client software can help, but it is only an overlay, which will not increase security or reduce manual management of FTP server. The complaints that FTP administrators often hear are managing users and their credentials, and knowing which files should be saved on the server and which files can be deleted. This causes the FTP server to become very bloated. As time goes by, the files on the FTP server continue to accumulate, and the situation will get worse and worse. What transfer tools do we use now? Today's file transfer function has surpassed FTP many times, providing encrypted communication, reporting and tracking functions, integrating with enterprise applications, and being more intuitive. Today's file transfer solutions can meet today's growing demand for secure file transfer. It's time to adopt a more modern and powerful data transfer solution. As time goes by, your company will benefit from this, operate within the scope of compliance standards, and become more efficient after the final rest of FTP.
FTP traditionally has been the most common way to exchange files over the internet for years. FTP-FTPS-SFTP seems to be an update of FTP, but is this real? Or as everyone has said, that the progress of new technologies has made FTP obsolete? If you are currently using FTP and looking for an alternative that provides visibility, control, and automation while improving security and manageability – this article takes a deep dive into what FTP is, its attributes and gives you the info you need to consider replacing FTP with a better file transfer solution. File Transfer Protocol is a method of transferring data files from one computer to another over a network. As one of the original programs for accessing the information on the internet, it was developed in 1971 as part of the U.S. Department of Defense’s ARPANET protocols and thus predates both the TCP and Internet Protocol . FTPS and SFTP FTPS and SFTP are two separate protocols used as secure alternatives to traditional FTP. Often mistaken for each other, these are two very distinct protocols with different pros and cons: FTPS is an extension to the commonly used File Transfer Protocol that adds support for the Transport Layer Security and the Secure Sockets Layer cryptographic protocols. SFTP is a secure alternative to FTP and is often mistakenly used to specify some kind of Secure FTP, by which people most often mean FTPS. SFTP is a binary protocol in which all commands are packed to binary messages and sent to the server, which replies with binary reply packets. Why Replace FTP? Since FTP is typically used to solve a single problem or meet a specific application requirement, it usually results in multiple discrete deployments with no central management and control — leading to many business challenges for enterprises, which is not visible at the surface. Here are some driving factors for replacing FTP: Security There are a number of risks associated with using native FTP such as having FTP port open in firewalls and a lack of encryption. Exchanging information without the necessary security features could lead organizations to face massive fines in the event of a breach or a public relations disaster. Lack of Visibility When sending files via FTP, the sender has no way to verify whether the recipient received or downloaded the file or not. Also, since FTP doesn’t maintain an audit trail of system actions such as who downloaded or transferred files, organizations don’t have detailed proof of user actions. Storage Overhead FTP doesn't allow sender to automatically expire or delete files. The file will be deleted until the IT administrator delete it, consuming significant storage space and incurring unnecessary costs. Cumbersome Workflow It is difficult and complexed to manage FTP, if you want to send the file to a new contact, you need to set a new FTP account. Because the users have no right to access the FTP server, thus they need to repy on the help of the IT administrator to create the new accounts, retrieve forgotten passwords and remove accounts for those who no longer require access. Alternative to FTP As the enterprise-level file transfer expert, Raysync replaces the FTP server via the secure file sharing platform, and builds the ultra-high-speed transfer engine to realize all internal and external file transfer management of the enterprise and fast and safe file distribution worldwide. Some of Raysync's differentiating features include: Easy to Management The deployment process will be troublesome and hard to manage if there are many files to be transferred. Raysync Transmission supports different types of protocol, based on the self-developed transfer engine, Raysync can transfer the large files and the vast amount of small files at maximum speed. It is convenience for organization to manage the whole transfer process from a central control board. Security and Permission Raysync helps organizations remain compliant with strict regulations by providing security features to monitor user actions, regulate access, and secure corporate data. All data in flight and at rest are protected with encryption and antivirus scanning. High-performance Transfer Whether it is the current TB-level big file transfer across borders or massive small file transfer, these are all routine for enterprises nowadays. FTP simply cannot meet the needs of the fast-growing big data era. Raysync Transmission is a high-speed transfer engine based on UDP research and development. Compared with FTP, the transfer speed is 100 times higher, and the bandwidth utilization rate reaches 96%. It can easily cope with the high-speed transfer demand of enterprise-level files. Seamless Integration As far as deployment and integration are concerned, Raysync Transmission provides the most flexible FTP alternative. Raysync Proxy supports seamless integration of various popular softwares such as FTP/Http/ssh/SCP/Rsync, etc. Raysync Transmission can easily replace the old FTP server, quickly complete deployment within 30 minutes, realize high-speed and safe access to collaborative data within and between enterprises in the global position, reduce the high cost of R&D and design, and save the time needed for deploying and monitoring important file transfer. Raysync Proxy Acceleration can be integrated through the standard Proxy protocol. The original application system of the enterprise does not need secondary development. Technical departments do not need to use multiple user names and passwords to establish personal FTP connections. Users only need to know the e-mail address of the recipient to send data at high speed and safely. Raysync Proxy can be run as a process alone, with extremely low resource consumption, CPU consumption of less than 20% at 100Mbps data throughput, and memory consumption of management structure of single connection of less than 30KB.
In the process of enterprise management and file transfer, FTP is actually one of the most commonly used software systems. However, with the continuous development of enterprise business and the increasing volume of files, in practice, it is not difficult to find that FTP is becoming less and less practical, so the data transfer mode based on FTP purchase can no longer meet an application demand of enterprises. Let’s analyze the reason why FTP is becoming less and less practical in our daily life, there have 5 reasons: 1. It takes a long time to transfer those large files and massive small files via FTP, if the transfer process is interrupted, the files will likely be lost or damaged. 2. The logs of FTP in the process of transfer is invisible and can’t be traceable. 3. Because of the activeness of the public cloud, enterprises' funds in the cloud are often distributed in different cloud service providers or multiple areas of the same service provider according to different needs of business support. If the data in different locations on the cloud can be exchanged in real-time, different business modules can be effectively connected, which is a new problem that enterprises will face. 4. FTP has poor applicability for complex networks, especially under firewall architecture. Ordinary FTP does not encrypt data locally during transfer or storage. In such a situation, there is the risk of leaking data and files, which is very serious and greatly reduces security. 5. More and more enterprises need to distribute and summarize the data, but the FTP can’t provide a corresponding solution. Thus, the enterprise needs to apply another solution, which can not only meet the requirements of fast, safe, and stable data, but also realize the synchronous distribution of data backup. Raysync Transmission solution is dedicated to meet the data transfer needs of internal or external partners of enterprises, providing efficient and controllable accelerated transfer of large files, ultra-long-distance, transnational file transfer, transnational network data transfer, file management and organization authority management. It supports local deployment and cloud storage services, provides enterprises with safe, stable, efficient, and convenient technical support and services for large file interaction, and maximizes office efficiency.
Are you still using email or FTP for transferring files containing sensitive data or Personally Identifiable Information? If you are, we suggest you STOP what you are doing and take stock of your situation. The Evolution of File Transfer Historically, when it came to the internal and external information exchanging, companies had the following options: - Email for transfer of files between people - FTP for the automated exchange of large files with unstructured data between systems The problem with email is that everything is sent in clear , so it is highly susceptible to intervention. FTP requires FTP meanwhile requires technical knowledge to both configure and maintain by way of having to write/manage a vast spaghetti-style landscape of scripts . Until now, numerous alternatives have been introduced to solve the above data privacy and complexity implications, but do they solve the 'spaghetti' problem? Let's have a closer look: Alternatives to Email: The most popular alternatives to Email are the file hosting service, which specially designed to host user files and provide the so-called 'file sync-and-share service'. In those service providers, you can find numerous secure data room and Content Collaboration Platform offerings, many of which have low-cost and even ‘cost-free’ consumer and business versions. Alternatives to FTP: FTP services can be replaced with WebDAV, SFTP, and SCP. Specialized large data streamers and data logistics offerings are based on these technologies, focussing on the controlled transfer of unstructured data and large files. At first glance, it seems there may be enough alternatives to both email and FTP to help fix the spaghetti problem. However, let's think about it carefully and it is easy to find that the root cause of the "spaghetti" problem is that the demand has not been really met. E-mail substitutes lack integration and can only be used for so-called "temporary" file transfers. The issue of management and authorization involves the security of enterprise core data and must be considered. However, FTP substitutes have limited integration capability and cannot fully integrate data logistics into business processes. They lack workflow, payload inspection, and conversion functions. When connecting to ERP and other systems in the enterprise, this will bring various difficulties. In conclusion, those potential alternatives didn't solve the structure efficiency and security but only create even more dispersed solutions. To solve the problem of "spaghetti", an effective solution needs to give the answers to the following questions: - How do I seamlessly integrate internal systems/applications for incoming and outgoing data? - How can I secure governance and compliance for all sensitive data transfers ? - How can I reduce the effort of onboarding a multitude of external partners? - What about self-service capabilities for business departments and external partners to speed up such tasks and reduce the burden for central IT? - How do I get secure connections to systems without state-of-the-art interfaces? - How do I protect my intellectual property? In the face of the above problems, Raysync Transmission has provided a satisfactory answer: Large File Transfer System MFT As an enterprise-level file transfer acceleration platform, Raysync provides efficient transfer service for large file transfer cross-border and over long distances, which is an alternative to FTP. No matter the TB-level large files or the bulk of small files. Raysync can be easily and interactively transmitted worldwide. Seamless Integration Raysync Transmission supports SDK seamless integration, it can quickly integrate with existing OA, BPM, ERP, CRM and other major application systems of the enterprise; It provides the high-performance file transfer service for users, the example of Huawei's German transcoding has well verified the seamless integration of Raysync Transmission and its good compatibility. Advanced Encryption Technology Provides Security for Enterprises Based on the SSL transfer protocol and the banking standard AES-256 encryption technology, Raysync Transmission is strived to protecting the security of the whole transfer process. Built-in CVE vulnerability scanning and multiple defense walls effectively resist external attacks and ensure the integrity and security of transmission. Online banking-level security guarantees multiple insurances for enterprise data and impeccable core data. Keep away from the possibility of data leakage, network attacks and other hazards to the safety of enterprises. Raysync Transmission aimed to provide the one-stop large file transfer solutions for enterprises, it takes easy steps to deploy on your PC. Not only can it provide an efficient transfer engine, but also it has a perfect transfer management platform, which can be deployed quickly at low cost and easily meet the needs of the enterprise-level large file transfer.
FTP is the oldest network tool on the Internet and is used for two-way Internet transfer. People always think of it first when transferring files, but do we really know about it? I have just finished reading a article about the potential threats in the use of FTP servers in the medical industry. This article will expound these threats and provide a solution of Raysync Transmission in the face of these threats. The State of FTP Servers The FBI has warned the healthcare sector that the File Transfer Protocol can easily expose threats to cyber criminals preying on FTP servers running in “anonymous mode.” If sensitive information such as identifiable health records gets in the wrong hands, criminals may be able to harass, blackmail, or influence patients in a position of power. The FBI has strongly recommended that healthcare and dental entities address their networks and assess any FTP servers running in “anonymous mode.” The reason “anonymous FTP mode” puts data at risk is that named accounts aren’t required to log into the FTP server. A default anonymous account may have a known default password, this makes unauthorized access easy once an intruder discovers that the FTP server exists. The FBI noted that “research conducted by the University of Michigan found that over 1 million FTP servers were configured to allow anonymous access, potentially exposing sensitive data stored on these servers.” FTP anonymous mode access may expose sensitive data stored or processed by FTP to the eyes of cybercriminals. Enterprise data is subject to theft and network attacks, and personal privacy and safety are threatened. For commercial networks, this is more than just a warning. Hackers threaten to publish data publicly and sell it, or attacks that wipe out data completely if they do not receive ransom occur from time to time. This is not only a cause of concern for the health care industry, but also for many industries, the encrypted transmission is no longer enough, and now it is necessary to ensure the safety of the entire FTP service. Raysync Transmission Solution Based on the UDP transmission protocol, Raysync Transmission has overcome the defective of FTP and HTTP. It transfer file 100x faster than FTP with minimal packet loss, the bandwidth utilization is up to 96%, which is the perfect alternative to FTP. In the process of file transfer, enterprises can configure the TCP or UDP freely, thus the transmission performance can be released to a large extent. Of course, in terms of security control, Raysync Transmission is dedicated to building a solid protective barrier for enterprises. Relied on the SSL encryption protocol and band standard SAES-256 encryption technology, Raysync Transmission adds multiple defense walls for data information, effectively resist external attacks, ensure the privacy of the transmission process, and ensure the integrity and security of file data transmission. Raysync Transmission solution realizes efficient file transmission and management services through the independently developed Raysync high-speed transmission engine and central control platform, enabling enterprises to efficiently transfer data, smooth business communication, and effectively supervise and ensure data security.
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