Introduction A point-to-point connection in telecommunications relates to a communication between two terminals or nodes. Point-to-point is shortened to P2P sometimes. In sharing platforms or in other data-sharing protocols between people, this use of P2P is separate from the use of P2P which means peer-to-peer. For instance, a telephone call when one phone is connected to another, and only the others could hear what one caller says. In contrast, this is a topology for point-to-multipoint or broadcast communication, where several nodes can receive information from a node. Additional instances of point-to-point links include leased lines, microwave relays, and two-way radio. For example, radio and television broadcasts are points-to-multiple. - Have you used P2P? P2P transfer is now widely used to share files by many enterprises in their work after LAN, FTP, and HTTP are outdated. - P2P transfer, known as point-to-point transfer, is an instant file transfer mode, which aimed to enable all clients to provide resources, including bandwidth, storage space, and computing capacity. P2P transfer technology has wide application scenarios, such as audio, video, and data sharing in various formats. - How does P2P technology transfer files instantly? Why P2P transfer is accepted widely by many enterprises? In this article, let’s start with these two questions and explore the answers to point-to-point transfer. Everything about P2P Transfer in One Picture With the growing number of IP cores combined on one chip, the system-on-chip architecture is able to deploy complicated applications. The enormous need for communication and the ample computing capability on the chip put a considerable burden on the architecture in communication. Scalable communication architectures are therefore needed to implement future systems efficiently. Two types of communication systems, namely point-to-point and bus-based designs have traditionally been explored. At the expense of the specific channels between all communicating IP pairs, P2P communication designs can provide the most communication performance. However, in terms of high complexity, expense, and design effort these designs are poorly scalable. By contrast, bus systems can connect a few dozen IP cores economically and eliminate the complexity of the system and the specific cables required by P2P systems. The traditional HTTP transfer is to copy data to the client via server, thus the transfer speed is restricted by the bandwidth. Especially in today's network environment, the large amount of clients connects to one server, the bandwidth of servers will be shared, and the bandwidth of clients is difficult to be fully utilized, resulting in low efficiency of overall data transfer. In general data transfer, client A and client B is essential to build a connection to the server, and then data will be transfer through the channel built by the server and data recipient. P2P transfer technology builds the direct channel between client A and client B, shorten the original upload-download "1+1" time to 1; Secondly, "client A-server-client b" is turned to "client A-client b", which does not transit through the server and does not consume the expensive storage space of the server. Figure 1. P2P transfer in one picture Cons & Pros of P2P Transfer P2P technology is popular in many industries such as film and media, Internet TV, telemedicine, it not only provides freedom and facility to data transfer but also integrates all potential Internet resources. In technical expert’s opinion, P2P transfer is a kind of instant technology for quick data moving and sharing, it is beneficial to creating opportunities for enterprises in today’s market environment driven by data. However, with 5G emerging and the continuous development of information technology, P2P transfer is undoubtedly a double-blade sword, so it’s difficult for enterprises to step forward. Cons: - Low cost: save the cost on the server. - Efficiency improved: remove the intermediate procedures and establish simple connections. - High stability: eliminate the server-centered single-point service in the past, form the decentralized P2P transfer organization, which solved the fault problem caused by the central single point. Pros: Network bandwidth resources are consumed in large quantities: The concurrent connection of P2P transfer makes the resources consumed in large quantities, it is easy to cause network congestion and reduce the performance of other applications. Inconvenient management: The P2P transfer is decentralized, the amount of users is huge thus it’s hard to take care of all users. Security risks of data leakage: The widely use of P2P transfer leads to someone use the loopholes in the system to invade user privacy and destroy data. Some criminals even add viruses in the P2P transfer process, which poses a threat to users' computer security. The P2P transfer technology is not strong enough to satisfy enterprises’ various needs, therefore, there must be a breakthrough. According to whether the clients are in the same network environment, the difficulty degree of P2P transfer technology is different. What modern technologies can be used to optimize and how to optimize? Let's continue to explore the principle of P2P technology and try to find a breakthrough. P2P technology upgrading Based on NAT+Raysync The transmission protocol of RaySync has abandoned the use of transmission messages as both byte counts and TCP protocol. With its revolutionary UDP transmission method, Raysync overcomes faults in existing TCP-based file transfer protocols . The transmission speed of FTP/HTTP is hundreds of times higher and is not reduced by the size of the file, transmit distance, or network difficulties. Raysync can offer secure internal and external sharing of data, enabling you to securely upload, download and edit files on a user-friendly interface. Send huge files via mobile devices and web browsers in every location and anywhere. Characteristics RaySync transmission protocol may make full use of a broad network of bandwidths for the fastest transfer of data. It can enable users in the huge data distribution application scenario to finish the big data transfer in the least time. The multi-channel parallel transmission feature of the link is supported by RaySync Transmission Protocol. When a client interfaces between point B and point A, a multiplicity of unrelated data streams can quickly be transferred in Parallel via the multi-parallel channel property. The transfer of these data streams does not require the handshake connection process, which considerably enhances the transmission in real-time. RaySync transmission protocol is UDP-based and may transit over various NAT devices smoothly. Here we divided into two situations for analysis: On the same network Assume that the internal network interface is 1000M, the LAN bandwidth is 10M, and the bandwidth utilization rate is 50%. Client A and Client B are in the same network environment, as shown in the following figure. If the traditional file transfer method is adopted, the A user needs to upload the file to the server first, and then B can download it from the server, there only 10M network bandwidth will be utilized in the whole transfer process. While through point-to-point transfer, A and B can directly establish a connection, file transfer makes full use of the network bandwidth of 1000M, and the transfer efficiency can be improved by 100X. Figure 2. P2P technology on the same network Raysync combined the P2P technology with Raysync ultra-high-speed transfer protocol, the network bandwidth is fully utilized up to 96%. The file transfer process is accelerated, the TB-level big data and massive data transfer have never been easier. Figure 3. P2P technology upgrading Based on NAT+Raysync On the different network Client A and client B are in two different network environments, and they need to try to connect with the target end to judge whether they can penetrate the network to establish communication. The P2P transfer between two clients will be different according to different clients. Several common P2P transfer methods through middleware include Relaying, Connection reversal, UDP hole punching. Through the following characteristic comparison table, we can simply grasp the characteristics and application scenarios of these methods. Table 1. Characteristics and compassion table According to the methods listed above, Raysync P2P transfer will try to connect with the recipient end in priority. If it is failed to connect, it will be connected by reverse connection or UDP punching. If it is still failed to connect, then the server transfers will be adopted. Raysync will automatically select the best transfer mode in the whole process, reduce the network burden and make full use of network resources. Besides, the P2P transfer based on UDP needs to consider the type of NAT, because the penetration ways of different NAT combinations are not consistent, some can penetrate, while some cannot. Figure 4. P2P technology on the different networks Digging deep into NAT penetration technology, Raysync combines more than 10 NAT penetration technologies with Raysyncb ultra-high-speed transfer protocol and simultaneously applies on P2P transfer. In practical application, the penetration effect of these 10 NAT combinations can meet the current P2P transfer needs. Even in the face of a few impenetrable situations, Raysync may still be able to improve the transfer efficiency and find the optimal solution for P2P transfer. A More Universal P2P Transfer through Innovation on Speed and Management Transfer acceleration ensures efficiency improving In the point-to-point transfer, the patented Raysync ultra-high-speed transfer protocol is adopted. This protocol can eliminate the bottleneck at the bottom layer, it is immune to limitation of the traditional network and hardware, fully utilize the network bandwidth, and realize ultra-low latency, high speed, and end-to-end output service, the transfer rate is improved by nearly one hundred times, thus easily achieves the safe, controllable and stable transfer of TB-level large files and massive small files. Figure 5. P2P technology on the different networks about penetration and acceleration Comparison of the point-to-point transfer efficiency Test environment: - Shenzhen-Beijing, network latency 35ms~45ms, packet loss rate 1% - Server: Alibaba cloud Shenzhen, CentOS 8.3, 2 vCPU 4 GiB, bandwidth 100M, SSD disk - ClientA: Alibaba cloud Shenzhen, CentOS 8.3, 2 vCPU 4 GiB, bandwidth 100M, SSD disk - ClientB: Alibaba cloud Beijing, CentOS 8.3, 2 vCPU 4 GiB, bandwidth 100M, SSD disk 2GB Large File Transfer: Raysync VS QQ Test Results: It takes 689 seconds to transfer 2GB files from Shenzhen to Beijing via QQ, with an average transfer speed of 23.77Mbps; While takes only 173 seconds with Raysync point-to-point transfer, the transfer speed is increased to 94.7Mbps, which is 516 seconds shorter than QQ. 84393 Small File Transfers: Raysync File transfer is automatic For team collaboration, Raysync supports automatically receive point-to-point files from your partners. Compared to the traditional P2P transfer method, Raysync saves your time spend on manually file reception. The auto file reception can be realized with one click to enable the “Allow to receive transfer files from partners” button. A data asset is strictly monitored The admin user can monitor every single task in the admin console. Enter Raysync admin console – Point-to-Point transfer, you could view the point-to-point transfer account, IP, task name, receiver ID, country, states, city, total file transmission quantity, and transmission speed. In the meantime, it supports viewing the details of the point-to-point transfer task being transmitted and stopping the operation, and supports one-click viewing and downloading for historical transfer tasks. All files and individuals traceable, each P2P task can be controlled by the admin. The comprehensive upgrade made by Raysync on P2P transfer overcomes the drawbacks of file and user management, enables point-to-point transfer to better meet the enterprise needs, and helps enterprises manage data more efficiently. Bank-level data security Based on the needs of customers in industries such as film and media, IT Internet, Raysync adopts AES-256+TLS encryption technology between client and server to guarantee end-to-end data security. Aiming at the port problem, Raysync only needs to expose one port, which can meet all users' access needs and greatly reduce the risk of firewall port exposure; Hash verification protection is carried out at the transfer message level, file block, and the whole file to ensure the integrity of the transfer content. The optimization made by Raysync on point-to-point transfer, which has outstanding performance in performance, reliability, and security. The upgraded management design meets the needs of modern enterprises. As a one-stop solution provider for large file transfer, Raysync can be used as a tool for enterprises to realize fast file cooperation, and can also be used as an enterprise data management platform to provide data transfer services for industries such as film and media, finance, IT Internet, etc.
Point to point transfer means the file transfer can be realized between client and client rather than transferring to the server. For example, if user A is online, the other users can transfer data directly to user A if they have the ID and key of user A. The complex 3 steps are simplified to 1 step. This article will make a detailed introduction of the point-to-point transfer and its transfer status. 1. Application of point-to-point transfer-> Sending files via point-to-point transfer 1) Click the Point to Point Transfer in the navigation bar on the left, and then you will enter the point to point transfer list. 2) Click Start to transfer, one record in the direct transfer file list is one task number, and if multiple records are displayed, it will be regarded as multiple tasks. Note: The data receiver needs to enable Allow to receive transfer files from partners on the web page. 3) Click Add files, select the files or folders to share with your partner, and then enter the ID and key of your partner. 4) Click Start to transfer after selecting. 5) After the task is successfully created, the transfer list will be displayed on both the web page and the client. *Transfer list 2. Transfer Status Task stop status instruction
In this article, we will show you how to receive files via point to point as a recipient, and how to delete the point to point task? The recipient check "Allow to receive direct transfer files from partners" under the Point to Point option, then the Key and ID will display on the left side of the navigation bar. When the sender sends the files to the receiver, the receiving transfer list will generate the corresponding point to point task record. If the receiver doesn't want to receive the files from others, uncheck the option "Allow to receive direct transfer files from partners". How to delete the point to point transfer task? Select the task you want to delete, and click "Delete" to delete the file. Note: The task record in the Transfer List will also be deleted if you delete the task on the web page.
The version of Raysync V188.8.131.52 is now available! The update of this version not only makes functional upgrade and value enhancement around the details of visual experience, object storage support, user notification reminder, white list setting but also make more updates and optimizations from the high-speed file transmission, which makes the user experience more perfect. Let's focus on the point to point transfer function of Raysync. In the traditional mode of file transmission, we need to upload the file to the server for storage, then share the file in the form of links, and finally download the file by our friends. As a result, the simple file transmission is divided into three steps, which are cumbersome and costly in time. In view of this situation,Raysync has developed a point to point transfer mode, in which end-to-end transmission is directly carried out between users, and file transmission is completed in one step. Look's take a look at the detailed operation process: Step 1. The receiver logs in to the webpage, enter the "Point to Point" transfer page, and enables the option "Allow to receive direct transfer files from partners". When it is turned on, the recipient's ID and Key will be displayed on the left side of the sidebar. Copy and paste the ID and Key to user A. Step 2. Right-click the Raysync Client, select the "Settings"->"Direct transfer", then you can set the save path when receiving the file. Step 3. The sender login to the Raysync Client, click "start to transfer file" in the "Point to Point" page, then enter the Partner ID and Key of the user B to start the transfer. Then the receiver's Raysync Client will automatically start to receive the file. Step 4. After receiving, the receiver can open the local directory and view the file. In addition to the function of point to point transfer, Raysync V184.108.40.206 has other functions optimized and updated, such as: 1) The object storage function in admin condole supports Microsoft Azure blob. 2) The admin console adds an administrator notification function, which may send notifications to the user's webpage and also supports sending notifications to the user's mailbox. 3) Email notification signature supports customization.
There are two new ways for the notification function in the admin console: 1) Send notification to the webpage of the sub-user. 2) Send email notification to the sub-user. Operating instructions: Log in to the Raysync admin console-> Click "Send notification" under the option "Users Management"-> Click to "Add notification" and edit the notification "Subject" and "Content"-> Select the "Receiving accounts"-> Check on the "Notification option" "Website" and "Email"-> Click "OK" to save all the settings. The effect of sub-user receiving the notification: A Web-page B Email Note: Sender mailbox, mailbox display logo, and company name are configured by the administrator in the admin console.
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